Insights on how to venture into Dairy farming and make millions
There are only a few ventures in the current economical state that cannot fail you. On top of the list is agriculture with a lot of testimonials and success stories. One of the prevailing reasons is the always present and optimum demand due to the always increasing number of population. Dairy farming is one such investment that can give you that return in capital and profits. It will only require your time and attention.
Dairy farming is generally farming for the long term production of milk not only from cows but also from other mammals such as goats, sheep and camels. Demand for milk products all over the world has led to a demand for raw milk, motivating many to start dairy farms. Starting a dairy farm of cows will need capital where a dairy cow can go for about 50,000-100,000ksh or more depending on how much milk it produces but many opt to start off with a calve, wait for it to grow to maturity then start earning from milking.
Look for a piece of land to start a dairy farm depending on the number of cows you intend to rear. After acquiring a piece of land you will need a well-designed barn to house your cows. The barn must give room for future expansion it has to be affordable, simple but structurally sound to provide dairy animals with maximum comfort, health outcomes and safety. The structure should also be worker friendly, have proper ventilation for fresh air flow, allow enough light and adequate space for rest and access to feed and water for the herds. Apart from a barn, include a crush, a hay store and silage pits or bunkers. A well-built cow barn will ensure your cows are good looking and free from diseases like Mastitis and foot infections.
Having cattle grouped makes it easy to understand nutritional requirements and be able to decide on the feeding regime (time of feeding and types of feeds –silage, hay or total mixed ration). Improper nutrition can lead to lower quantities and quality of milk and it is advisable to work with a nutrition expert to help in planning for accurate feed projection. Growing own fodder helps in controlling quality and lowers cost of production.
Developing disease and parasite control programme involving; vaccination, deworming, dipping and spraying activities with help from a veterinarian keeps herds in good health and a happy herd makes a happy farmer due to output. For breeding, insist on selecting bulls that will add value to your herd. Decide early on the reproductive/service technique you are going to adopt – use of bulls, artificial insemination or embryo transfer. Calves and heifers need to have sound calf housing because they are not given the deserved attention alongside dry cows.
Dairy cows need milking two or three times a day except in dry seasons. Milking should be done in a parlor that is comfortable to the animal and the milker. Hygiene of the milking utensils, parlor and worker dressed in right attire should be maintained. Have proper storage and disposal means for manure which is being turned to meaningful resource that can be sold, used in biogas or enhancing soil fertility.