Guide to Commercial Pig Farming In South Africa and Kenya
Commercial pig farming in Kenya and South Africa is making farmers earn great profit margins. They do this using only little of their time having used little effort.
Pig farming guide
Factors to be put in mind before starting this business are many and some of them include the following.
1.) SELECTING A SUITABLE LAND TO START PIG BUSINESS
It is recommended that you choose a good land that will facilitate growth of pigs, marketing that will keep profit margins high.
This is achieved by selecting areas that are free from residential grounds, ensuring adequate supply of fresh water, closeness to the market is also important, availability of veterinary services, good infrastructure that will facilitate faster and reliable transportation to the market and also availability of fodder to supplement the feeds.
2.)FEEDING THE PIGS
It is recommendable to select appropriate feeds for your pigs since it will affect their growth and survival. Also good feeding also triggers good production. Pigs feed on a variety of foods.
3.)HOUSING THE PIGS
Pig sheds need to be strong and permanent since these animals are physically strong. It should have a free circulation of air and should not be very hot nor very cold.
They are highly fertile. They produce twice annually with the piglet taking 8-9 months to mature.
TYPES OF PIGS
Identified easily due to its erect ears, large in size and white in color. Has good mothering and a major source of pork.
Has golden brown color and relatively small ears. Has small drooping ears and the least aggressive breed reared for pork.
Produces many piglets and have large drooping ears. Have long bodies and little fat.
The oldest breed developed in the USA. It is strongly built with a white band covering the front legs. It is a popular bred for pork production.
Infamous for lean meat and are products of cross breeds. Are known for genetic value improvements. Has a very good appetite.
Types of pig farming
Free range pig farming
Involves keeping pigs in closed areas where grass is grown a major source of food. Supplements are given to enhance growth.
Semi intensive pig keeping
Involves keeping the pigs in semi-permanent structures and providing them with foods. It has high production but is also time consuming.
Strategies employed for continued investment.
1.) weaning farrow
Factors affecting pig profitability
1.) Conversion Rate(FCR)
It is the total weight eaten by the pig divided by the body weight gained by the pig.
2.)Average Daily Gain(ADG)
In order to determine pig production efficiency, there must be a cost efficient feed conversion rate with the highest daily average.
Pig Slaughter houses in Kenya
1.) Farmers Choice Limited in outskirts of Nairobi
2.) Kitengela Pig Slaughter House in Yukos Kajiado County
3.) Kabati Slaughter House in Murang’a
4.) Lyntan Slaughter House in Nairobi
5.) Ndumboini Farm Slaughter House in Kikuyu in Kiambu County